The border with Vietnam has been a controversial subject in Cambodian politics, with border critics and the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party alleging that the government would cede land to their eastern neighbor during border negotiations
Gen. Ith Sarath, chief of joint staff for the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF), thanked visiting Lt. Gen. Piroach Vilailug, chief of the Royal Thai Armed Forces’ Department of Border Affairs, for cooperating with government to block “extremist” forces from entering the country.
In a section titled “National Defense Struggle”, the paper illustrates efforts to protect “special strategic” ties with Cambodia, and refers to potential challenges to its bilateral ties with Phnom Penh, though this is done using ambiguous language.
Bilateral trade with China stood at $7 billion in 2018, with Cambodia facing a trade deficit on account of $6.1 billion in imports from China, according to Commerce Ministry figures. In contrast, trade with the EU was pegged at $6.7 billion last year