The Trade Union Law has been long-criticized for restrictive measures against union formation, discouraging collective worker actions and for excessive bureaucratic requirements, such as activity and financial reports that need to be submitted to the Labor Ministry annually.
There were 1,665 deaths from around 3,400 road accidents from January to October, 151 more deaths than for the same period in 2018. These accidents were not only killing people, but they were also a financial burden on the families of those killed or injured
The two countries have seen a significant decline in their relationship in the last few years, a point raised by Trump in the letter. This decline was also linked to Cambodia’s increasing proximity with the China, which has extended its influence in the Southeast Asian country significantly.
According to a UNICEF report from June 2019, one in two children were beaten in Cambodia and around five percent of children had been sexually abused. Additionally, trafficking and child labor continues to affect children. Many times children are forced to work to assist their families.
The report states that foreign firms were providing significantly more wage jobs, despite locally-owned firms far outnumbering foreign companies. The report showed that 80 percent of Cambodian adults above the age of 15 were working in contrast to 62.5 percent of adults in the East Asia Pacific
The security measures, which includes around 20,000 armed security personnel in Phnom Penh, is in response to an attempt by some exiled opposition leader, including Mu Sochua and Sam Rainsy, to return to the country on November 9.