WASHINGTON DC - The general elections in July next year will prove a rugged playing field for the opposition, whose leader remains in exile and whose name was struck from voter lists earlier this year, a leading rights advocate says.
Ou Virak, head of the Cambodian Center for Human Rights, told “Hello VOA” Monday that despite calls from the US and others that Cambodia improve its election system, the 2013 polls will likely not be seen as free and fair.
Sam Rainsy’s removal from the voter list was “unfortunate,” he said. “We see that as an attempt to close political negotiations.”
Sam Rainsy had hoped to return to Cambodia at the head of a new opposition coalition, the Cambodia National Rescue Party. But he is facing 12 years in prison if he returns to Cambodia. He has said the charges, stemming from his destruction of borders markers near Vietnam in Svay Rieng province in 2009, are politically motivated.
Prime Minister Hun Sen, for his part, has said no political settlement is possible, and he has kept Sam Rainsy’s case in the notoriously biased court system.
Many in the international community, including US President Barack Obama and the UN rights envoy Surya Subedi, have urged the return of Sam Rainsy for the election. That avenue seems increasingly unlikely, Ou Virak said.
Meanwhile, the ruling Cambodian People’s Party continues to dominate the mediascape and has an ample budget for political campaigns, lowering the odds for the opposition further, Ou Virak said. Additionally, the National Election Committee is stacked with ruling party members or supporters.
“In Cambodia we have a big and well-built guy boxing with a small child,” he said. “And worse than that, we have a referee who supports the big guy.”
That has put Cambodia on a path toward unilateral, single party rule, he said. “If the opposition does not compete, then Cambodia would go the way of Burma in the past.”
Government spokesman Phay Siphan dismissed such concerns. “The opposition should transform itself from being the rebellion party to being the opposition type as in democratic rules,” he said. “During their propaganda in the field, they have nothing to say, apart from talking about corruption and attack the prime minister.”