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White House Refusing to Participate in Impeachment Inquiry

President Donald Trump speaks during a ceremony in the Oval Office of the White House, Oct. 8, 2019.
President Donald Trump speaks during a ceremony in the Oval Office of the White House, Oct. 8, 2019.

White House lawyer says in letter to House Democratic leaders that their probe is unconstitutional and violates due process

The White House says it will not participate in what it calls the "unconstitutional" impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump.

White House lawyer Pat Cipollone sent an eight-page letter to House Democratic leaders, including Speaker Nancy Pelosi, who are looking into whether Trump broke the law by urging Ukraine to investigate Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden.

Cipollone accuses the Democrats of violating "fundamental fairness and constitutionally mandated due process."

He says they are denying Trump the opportunity to question witnesses and see the evidence they are using to decide whether he should be impeached.

"All of this violates the Constitution, the rule of law, and every past precedent," Cipollone wrote, adding that inquiry is baseless, partisan, and an attempt to toss out the results of the 2016 presidential election.

If a majority in the House of Representatives were to approve articles of impeachment against Trump, there would then be a trial in the Republican-controlled Senate where the president's legal team would have the chance to present a defense.

Pelosi responds

Pelosi responded to the White House late Tuesday, calling the letter "manifestly wrong ... the latest attempt to cover up his (Trump's) betrayal of our democracy and to insist that the president is above the law."

Pelosi warned the White House that any more efforts to "hide the truth of the president's abuse of power" will be seen as more evidence of obstruction.

A whistleblower complaint about a July 25 call between Trump and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy helped trigger a House of Representatives impeachment investigation of Trump last month.

The White House has demanded Pelosi bring the impeachment inquiry to a full vote before the entire House of Representatives if the committees want any cooperation from Trump officials.

But there is no rule preventing the House from looking into allegations of illegal activity of a president before deciding whether to bring actual articles of impeachment to a vote.

Seen as obstruction

The White House letter comes after another move by the Trump administration that Democratic leaders call obstruction.

The State Department refused to let U.S. Ambassador to the European Union Gordon Sondland answer questions from House committee members Tuesday.

Sondland had flown from Europe and was willing to appear. But his attorney, Robert Luskin, said Sondland "is a sitting ambassador and employee of State and is required to follow their direction."

Luskin said Sondland was "profoundly disappointed" at not being given the chance to talk.


The Democratic chairs of the House Intelligence, Foreign Affairs and Oversight Committees have now subpoenaed Sondland to testify.

Trump tweeted that Sondland would have appeared before a "totally compromised kangaroo court where Republican rights have been taken away, and true facts are not allowed out for the public to see."

Sondland, a Trump donor, was one of several diplomats who advised the Ukrainian leadership about how to carry out Trump's demands after his July phone call with Ukraine's Zelenskiy. During that call, Trump urged Zelenskiy to investigate Biden for alleged corruption tied to his son, Hunter Biden’s job with a Ukrainian gas company.

According to a U.S. intelligence whistleblower, Sondland and other diplomats exchanged a series of text messages in which the diplomats wondered why roughly $400 million in badly needed aid to Ukraine was frozen.

Reports say there was a five-hour-long gap between text messages, during which Sondland telephoned Trump.

The next message assured one diplomat there was no "quid pro quo" of any kind with Ukraine, followed by Sondland writing, "I suggest we stop the back and forth by text."

Democrats want to know what happened in those five hours and why the text messages came to a sudden halt.

Quid pro quo?

Also at the heart of the inquiry is whether Trump was freezing the aid in an exchange for a Biden investigation.

Trump alleges that when Biden was vice president, he threatened to hold up loan guarantees to Ukraine unless it stopped a corruption probe of the gas company where Hunter Biden worked.

Hunter Biden was not the target of that investigation, and there has been no evidence of any wrongdoing by Joe Biden or his son.

Trump's personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani has been a key figure in pushing for Ukraine to investigate Biden.

Republican Sen. Lindsey Graham said Tuesday he is inviting Giuliani to testify before the Senate Judiciary Committee to "inform the committee of his concerns."

The top Democrat on the committee, Sen. Dianne Feinstein, said she welcomes the opportunity to question Giuliani under oath and the "opportunity to help separate fact from fiction for the American people."