Garment workers stitching clothes for major fashion brands are "going hungry" and taking out loans to feed their families due to pay cuts imposed during the coronavirus pandemic, according to global labor rights advocates.
Among workers who have held onto their jobs, one in five experience hunger on a daily basis following a 20 percent decline in average wages in the global garment industry, the Worker Rights Consortium (WRC) said in a report this week.
"Most workers are currently unable to feed their families adequately and they are bracing themselves for worse times ahead," said Penelope Kyritsis, strategic research director at the WRC.
"The most important action for brands is to mobilize funds to sustain garment workers' incomes through the remainder of the crisis," she said.
The garment industry, which employs tens of millions of people worldwide - mostly women, has been ravaged by the pandemic and workers have lost some $5.8 billion in wages as retailers shut shops and cancel orders.
Leading brands have been "leveraging desperation" to demand price cuts from struggling manufacturers, the U.S.-based Center for Global Workers' Rights said in a report in October.
Factory bosses, meanwhile, have used the pandemic as cover to terminate unionized workers, according to labor advocates.
The new report, which polled about 400 workers in nine countries - Cambodia, Bangladesh, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Lesotho and Myanmar - found that three-quarters of them had borrowed money to buy food this year.
"Given the well-documented risk that debts can lead to severe labor exploitation, including forced labor for low-wage workers, this is a worrying trend," the WRC said.
Almost 90 percent of the workers said they and their families were eating less, with most expecting to cut back even further.
Cambodian seamstress Proum Sovuthy, who has been doing ad-hoc shifts at different factories since her long-time employer shut up shop, said meat had become a rare treat for her and her two children.
"Some days I can buy rice, some days I can't," she told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
"People are kind, and they often share with me, but I don't want to be a beggar - it affects my dignity."
(Reporting by Matt Blomberg; Editing by Helen Popper)