Thursday, 27 November 2014

Southeast Asia

In Closed Washington Meeting, Debate Over Usefulness of Asean Rights Declaration

In a statement last week, the US State Department said it was “deeply concerned” that the declaration “could weaken and erode universal human rights and fundamental freedoms.”

U.S. President Barack Obama, fifth from left, stands hand in hand with ASEAN leaders for a family photo during the ASEAN-U.S. leaders' meeting at the Peace Palace in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. They are, from left, Philippines' President Benigno Aquino III, Singapore's Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, Thailand's Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra, Vietnam's Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung, Obama, Cambodia's Prime Minister Hun Sen, Brunei's Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, Indonesia's President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Laos Prime Minister Thongsing Thammavong, Malaysia's Prime Minister Najib Razak and Myanmar's President Thein Sein. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)U.S. President Barack Obama, fifth from left, stands hand in hand with ASEAN leaders for a family photo during the ASEAN-U.S. leaders' meeting at the Peace Palace in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. They are, from left, Philippines' President Benigno Aquino III, Singapore's Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, Thailand's Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra, Vietnam's Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung, Obama, Cambodia's Prime Minister Hun Sen, Brunei's Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, Indonesia's President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Laos Prime Minister Thongsing Thammavong, Malaysia's Prime Minister Najib Razak and Myanmar's President Thein Sein. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
x
U.S. President Barack Obama, fifth from left, stands hand in hand with ASEAN leaders for a family photo during the ASEAN-U.S. leaders' meeting at the Peace Palace in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. They are, from left, Philippines' President Benigno Aquino III, Singapore's Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, Thailand's Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra, Vietnam's Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung, Obama, Cambodia's Prime Minister Hun Sen, Brunei's Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, Indonesia's President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Laos Prime Minister Thongsing Thammavong, Malaysia's Prime Minister Najib Razak and Myanmar's President Thein Sein. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
U.S. President Barack Obama, fifth from left, stands hand in hand with ASEAN leaders for a family photo during the ASEAN-U.S. leaders' meeting at the Peace Palace in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. They are, from left, Philippines' President Benigno Aquino III, Singapore's Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, Thailand's Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra, Vietnam's Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung, Obama, Cambodia's Prime Minister Hun Sen, Brunei's Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, Indonesia's President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Laos Prime Minister Thongsing Thammavong, Malaysia's Prime Minister Najib Razak and Myanmar's President Thein Sein. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
Sok KhemaraVOA Khmer
PHNOM PENH - Senior US officials and experts on Southeast Asia and human rights met in Washington on Wednesday, in a closed-door symposium to discuss Asean’s new Declaration of Human Rights, which many say falls short of international standards and could allow authoritarian regimes room to crack down on dissent.

The discussion included human rights and democracy advocates from around Southeast Asia and the US and was held with US Assistant Secretary of State Daniel Baer, who oversees the office concerned with labor, human rights and democracy. Reporters were allowed to sit in on the symposium, but not to quote directly from it.

Pek Koon Heng, director of the Asean Studies Center at American University, in Washington, organized the discussion, officially called The United States-Asean Symposium on the Asean Declaration on Human Rights. She told VOA Khmer the purpose was to “educate the Washington-based community” about the processes of Asean and how they typically progress.

“The fact is now we have NGOs pushing very hard” in the region, she said. “It’s very good. Ten years ago, we didn’t have this, and now we do. It is good to understand the Asean ways, and how things can be reached slowly—but we get there.”

Asean leaders passed the declaration at a summit in Cambodia earlier this month, but speaking on the sidelines of Wednesday’s discussion, many rights advocates said room for improvement remains.

“I think this is a very dangerous path,” said Robert Herman, regional programs head at Freedom House, a US-based watchdog group, which sponsored Wednesday’s symposium along with the State Department and the Asia Foundation. However, he said, the declaration is a “living document… so I think there will be continued push and emphasis by civil societies to strengthen this document to use it and to improve it.”

Amitav Acharya, who chairs American University’s Asean Studies Center, said a declaration did not guarantee the elimination of rights abuses.

President Obama Urged Prime Minister Hun Sen on Human Rights, Fair Electioni
|| 0:00:00
...    
🔇
X
VOA Khmer
19 November 2012
US President Barack Obama urged Cambodian leader Prime Minister Hun Senon Monday to hold fair elections and release political prisoners as he took a firm line on human rights abuses that activists say have increased in recent years in the Southeast Asian country. VOA Khmer Pin Sisovann, Washington.

“My sense is that we are not going to see human rights violations in Asean disappear anytime soon, whether there is a declaration or not a declaration, mainly because the governments are not democratic in many cases,” he said. There are strong correlations between rights abuses and authoritarian governments, he said. “To protect human rights, you need to have a government that is willing and able to do so,” he said, “a legitimate, elected, democratic government that respects human rights.”

Supporters of the declaration amid the governments of Southeast Asia say it will reenforce already existing commitments to international human rights practices. But rights advocates have said they are worried about vague language in the document, especially regarding national security and public order, that would allow despotic regimes to hamper basic freedoms, especially those of speech and assembly. 

In a statement last week, the US State Department said it was “deeply concerned” that the declaration “could weaken and erode universal human rights and fundamental freedoms.”

However, some rights groups say that having some kind of document is better than having nothing at all.

“We welcome it actually,” said Irene Fonacier-Fellizar, an adviser to the UN on violence against children in the Philippines. “Because we can begin working, we can begin identifying exactly how much more improvement, and in terms of our Asean cultures, we would be able now to put in writing what we now understand.”

The declaration will continue to be criticized by civil society, but as a means to improve it, she said. “We are not criticizing to destroy,” she said. “We are criticizing because we want to do better.”
Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
'World’s Best Rice' Title Could Boost Cambodian Rice Exportsi
X
25 November 2014
For the third year in a row, Cambodia’s premier rice has been voted the world’s best at the World Rice Conference. The award, which it shares this year with Thailand, comes at a time when Cambodia is looking at rice exports as a way to increase incomes for its many impoverished subsistence farmers.

English with Mani & Mori

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
All Thumbs (Movie: Minority Report)i
X
24 November 2014
You can say, "I was 'all thumbs' this morning when trying to tie this tie - I kept making mistakes and just couldn't figure a way to pull it together." What does it mean? Watch here.
Video

Video All Thumbs (Movie: Minority Report)

You can say, "I was 'all thumbs' this morning when trying to tie this tie - I kept making mistakes and just couldn't figure a way to pull it together." What does it mean? Watch here.
Video

Video Carry Out (Movie: Jane Eyre)

You can say, "He has many strong qualities as a leader and under his leadership I think he will successfully 'carry out' the new mission and vision for this company." What does it mean? Watch here. For more videos - go to youtube.com/KhmerSpecialEnglish.
Video

Video A Wake Up Call (Movie: Limitless)

You can say, "The visit to the doctor was definitely 'a wake up call' for him. The heavy drinking, smoking, and partying every night needs to stop." What does it mean? For more videos - go to www.youtube.com/KhmerSpecialEnglish. To contact Mani & Mori - write to them at maniandmori@gmail.com.
Video

Video Save Face (Movie: Just Go With It)

You can say, "I can't believe he's not accepting responsibility for his mistakes. To 'save face' he continues to make excuses for himself." What does it mean? Watch here. For more videos - go to youtube.com/KhmerSpecialEnglish. To contact Mani & Mori - write to them at maniandmori@gmail.com.
See more >>>