Friday, 19 September 2014

Archive

How To Decrease the Risk of Breast Cancer

The mammogram of a breast with lots of fatty tissue (the opposite of dense) appears noticeably darker, so light tumors would show up better against that background.
The mammogram of a breast with lots of fatty tissue (the opposite of dense) appears noticeably darker, so light tumors would show up better against that background.
Nuch SaritaVOA Khmer

Breast cancer can affect women under the age of 45, but it is those over 55 that should be most vigilant, a US-based doctor said Thursday.

Only one in eight cases are found in women under 45, even though the risks begin to add up after the age of 40, Taing Tek Hong, a Florida-based physician, told “Hello VOA” Thursday.

Two out of three cases occur in women over the age of 55, he said.

Other factors include personal history, family history, genetics, radiation exposure and diet, he said.

“Women who received radiation treatment to their chest as a child or young adult for lymphomas have higher risks of developing breast cancer later in life,” he said.

Obesity also matters, he said, “especially for women after menopause.”

“Excess fat in the waist area is associated with the most risk,” he said. “Fatty tissue increases estrogen levels. Estrogen fuels the growth of breast cancer cells.”

That also means that women who begin menstruation before the age of 12 or have late menopause, after the age of 55, have a “slightly” higher risk of breast cancer, he said. “The risk also increases for women who never had children, or whose first pregnancy occurred when they were age 35 or older.”

Caucasian women are at higher risk that other groups, he said, including Asians.

Hormone therapy and birth control pills can also increase the risk, he said.

Smoking “significantly” increases the risk of breast cancer in women with a family history of breast or ovarian cancer, he said. “Women who consume more than one alcoholic drink a day have about a 20 percent greater risk of breast cancer.”

Breast cancer is most common in women, but it can also affect men, he said.

To help decrease the risk, a person should avoid excessive weight gain, alcohol use and smoking. Regular exercise can help, as well as a decrease in fatty foods and red meats and an increase in fruits and vegetables.

Having children at a younger age and prolonged breast feeding can also help decrease the risk, he said.

Signs and symptoms include breast lumps, discharge from the nipple, retraction or indentation of the nipple, and change in the size or contour of the breast and flattening, indentation, redness or pitting of the skin.

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one
Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
US Activists Express Disappointment With Opposition in Cambodiai
X
15 September 2014
Cambodian human rights and democracy activists in the US have split opinions on the deal cut between the ruling party and the opposition in July, ending a political deadlock that had lasted since the July 2013 elections. In a recent discussion in Virginia, outside Washington, many said they felt the Cambodia National Rescue Party had betrayed its supporters in making the deal with the ruling Cambodian People’s Party. (Pin Sisovann, Washington)

English with Mani & Mori

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Make It Two (Movie: A Walk to Remember)i
X
12 September 2014
You can say, "Make it two, please!" What does it mean? Watch here. For more videos - go to www.khmer.voanews.com/maniandmori or www.youtube.com/KhmerSpecialEnglish. To contact Mani & Mori - write to them at maniandmori@gmail.com.
Video

Video Make It Two (Movie: A Walk to Remember)

You can say, "Make it two, please!" What does it mean? Watch here. For more videos - go to www.khmer.voanews.com/maniandmori or www.youtube.com/KhmerSpecialEnglish. To contact Mani & Mori - write to them at maniandmori@gmail.com.
Video

Video Ballpark Figure (Movie: Music and Lyrics)

You can say, "I'm going to throw a pool party this weekend, so can you give me a 'ballpark figure' of how many people are going to come?" What does it mean? Watch here. For more videos - go to youtube.com/KhmerSpecialEnglish. To contact Mani & Mori - write to them at maniandmori@gmail.com.
Video

Video Twist Someone's Arm (Movie: Cinderella Man)

You can say, "Every time I want my sister to clean her room, I always have to 'twist her arm' to get her to do it." What does it mean? Watch here. For more videos - go to youtube.com/KhmerSpecialEnglish. To contact Mani & Mori - write to them at maniandmori@gmail.com.
Video

Video Doze Off (Movie: Hairspray)

You can say, "I don't know why, but every time I eat 'prahok' (Cambodian anchovy) I find myself 'dozing off' all the time." What does it mean? Watch here. For more videos - go to facebook.com/voakhmer or youtube.com/KhmerSpecialEnglish. To contact Mani & Mori - write to them at maniandmori@gmail.
See more >>>