Cambodia

Border Expert Says Old Vietnam Treaties Should Be Nulified

Meanwhile, Cambodia and Vietnam have yet to reach full agreements on border demarcation.

The Opposition Sam Rainsy Party's lawmakers and supporters, hold a Cambodia map for their protecting Cambodia territory while walking on the street in Phnom Penh, file photo.The Opposition Sam Rainsy Party's lawmakers and supporters, hold a Cambodia map for their protecting Cambodia territory while walking on the street in Phnom Penh, file photo.
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The Opposition Sam Rainsy Party's lawmakers and supporters, hold a Cambodia map for their protecting Cambodia territory while walking on the street in Phnom Penh, file photo.
The Opposition Sam Rainsy Party's lawmakers and supporters, hold a Cambodia map for their protecting Cambodia territory while walking on the street in Phnom Penh, file photo.
Sok KhemaraVOA Khmer
WASHINGTON DC - Despite assurances from Prime Minister Hun Sen that no Cambodian land has been ceded to Vietnam, a France-based border expert said the government has failed to nullify treaties with its eastern neighbor that would do just that.

Sean Pengse, former Cambodian minister of industry and president of the Paris-based Cambodia Border Committee, told “Hello VOA” that at least four border treaties were made during Vietnam’s occupation of Cambodia, from 1979 to 1989, causing the loss of territory.

A supplementary agreement was made in 2005, sparking protests from many Cambodians.

With the national election approaching next year, and border questions often at the forefront of heated political debate, Hun Sen recently gave a five-hour speech to the National Assembly, broadcast live on state television, defending his government’s border policies.

Sok Khemara hosts 'Hello VOA' 13 Thursday, 2012, from Washington DC.
Sok Khemara hosts 'Hello VOA' 13 Thursday, 2012, from Washington DC. i
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During the speech, Hun Sen said Cambodia had not lost any land and said that new technology had shown it was actually 300 square kilometers larger than traditionally thought. Some Cambodian land, such as Kampuchea Krom, or Lower Cambodia, was lost following the French withdrawal from Indochina, he said, adding that Cambodia, once it submitted a map of its borders to the UN in 1964, no longer had claim to the lower Mekong Delta or islands like Koh Tral and others that now belong to Vietnam.

Meanwhile, Cambodia and Vietnam have yet to reach full agreements on border demarcation. Sean Pengse said the treaties made when Vietnam occupied Cambodia were coerced, and therefore illegal. “That’s why, by international law, they should be omitted,” he said.

40th Anniversary of Khmer Rouge Takeover

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Border Committee Says Official Maps Remain Legitimatei
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20 August 2015
Having reviewed a number of map’s from the UN, Cambodian officials announced Thursday that the map Cambodia currently uses for border demarcation and negotiation is legitimate. The new claim casts doubt on accusations from critics that the government is using outdated maps that make it easier for Vietnam to encroach on Cambodian territory. Var Kimhong, head of the Cambodian Border Committee, said he had reviewed 18 maps, one by one, which show “the map being used for border demarcation with Vietnam is the same.” He called for an end to false claims about other maps that might be used and for critics to “let the border committee work freely.” VOA Khmer's Neou Vannarin has the report from Phnom Penh,Cambodia.

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