Cambodia’s public sector lacks leadership and could use a dose of effective management strategies, a US-based Cambodian scholar says.
“A country’s development depends solely on its leaders,” said Roth Hok, a Fulbright fellow at Mississippi State University.
A country can either be managed like a corporation, or as a public entity, he said, outlining the key differences in each.
A corporation, which typically seeks profit, focuses on economy, efficiency and effectiveness, he said. A public entity, meanwhile, focuses on responsibility, responsiveness and representation.
Either way, effective management is based on good principles of governance, including legitimacy, participation, strategic vision and others. Transparency, equity and rule of law are important as well, he said.
Now that Cambodia has new municipalities and provincial councils, these new leaders must seek better management skills, he said. This could include mid-career training to help them in their new jobs.
More Cambodian leaders need to learn effective planning, recruitment of employees and the delegation of duties, he said, which requires improving staff skills and supervision and closer evaluation of their work.
And, he said, the higher position a leader holds, the more skills he or she needs.