Gout is a common inflammatory arthritis that can lead to
intense joint pain, but it can be potentially be avoided by proper eating, a
doctor said Thursday.
The disease is caused by a high level of uric acid in the
blood, which can come from certain foods, such as organ meats, like liver, or
anchovies, said Dr. Taing Tek Hong, as a guest on "Hello VOA."
Gout affects 1 percent to 2 percent of adult men, and nine
times as many men as women, he said.
"It causes intense joint pain, usually of the big toe,
at night," he said. "Risk factors include obesity, family history of
gout, male sex, women after menopause aged over 40 to 50, excessive alcohol
intake, especially beer," and others.
Medical conditions such as hypertension and diabetes can
also lead to gout, he said.
The disease can show up as nodules under the skin, or as
kidney stones, and acute gout can be treated with non-steroidal
"To prevent recurrent attacks, patient should avoid
alcohol, especially beer, cut back on red meat and organ meats, like kidneys
and hear, anchovies, sardines, mussels, sweet breads and sea food," Taing
Tek Hong said. "Low fat dairy products, ascorbic acid, or Vitamin C, and
wine consumption appear to be protective."