When jailed prison chief Duch faces a Khmer Rouge tribunal chamber
in coming months, he will face charges that he was fully responsible for the
deaths of at least 12,380 people at Tuol Sleng, as well as war crimes,
documents issued this week show.
Investigating judges of the tribunal announced Tuesday they
had sent their closing order to the Trial Chamber Aug. 8, setting the stage for
the trial stage of the prison chief.
Duch, 65, whose real name is Kaing Kek Iev, now faces both
charges of crimes against humanity and war crimes, for his role as director of
the S-21 prison, and the order forwarded this week gives a detailed outline of
charges made against him.
Investigating judges claim he was fully responsible for the
12,380 people who died under his watch, a number that the order said was not
the full amount killed.
Duch himself acknowledged that some prisoners who were later
killed were not documented at Tuol Sleng.
More than 1,000 people were killed by having their bodies
emptied of blood, the order said, citing witnesses, an execution method that
was particularly horrifying to prisoners.
Among the prisoners, most were Cambodian, including 200
prison staff, who themselves were subsequently detained there, according to the
order, which serves as an indictment.
Prisoners included Muslims, Thais, Laotians, Indians,
Westerners and more than 400 Vietnamese, according to order. Of the Vietnamese,
150 would be considered "prisoners of war."
The closing order claims witnesses reported being terribly
afraid of Duch, who had the power to order executions.
However, the order says, Duch confessed that "in
general cases, high-ranking [officials] told him to prepare to receive
prisoners, and most of those prisoners had been arrested and transferred by
their respective units."
"But some evidence makes clear that S-21 arrested
prisoners by itself," the order said.
Some of them had been accused of belonging to "special
agencies" of Vietnam,
the order said.
The charge of crimes against humanity was put forward
because of the mass killings, torture, detention, abuse, sexual abuse and other
methods, the order said.
War crimes was put forward for the intent to kill, injure
and cause suffering, as well as denial of rights of judgment, according to the
The investigating judges ruled Duch would be held in
detention ahead of his trial.
The Trial Chamber will now set up a date for the trial and
choose witnesses to appear, co-investigating judge You Bunleng said.